Life Insurance
Insurance 101
Live Chat
Sign In
Apply Now
Life Insurance

Life Insurance Regulations: Who Oversees Life Insurance Companies?

By Jessica Sillers Mar 2, 2021

In this article

What You Should Know About the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC)

How States Regulate Life Insurance

What Happens if a Life Insurance Company Goes Bankrupt? 

How to Check on Your Insurer Before Buying Life Insurance

As parents, we’re used to vetting options to make the right choice for our families, like checking reviews and safety recalls on car seats. 

But other times, it’s harder to know where to get answers. Your friend may know a babysitter with CPR training, but is likely to come up short if you ask for a background check on a life insurance company.

Life insurance is supposed to provide you with peace of mind, but who’s making sure the insurance company can deliver on the promises in their policies? 

Consider this your behind-the-scenes look at the organizations that regulate and guide life insurance.

What You Should Know About the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC)

When you put money in a bank, your deposits are protected by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). But FDIC protection doesn’t extend to life insurance policies, so other departments and organizations exist to monitor the industry and check that a life insurance company is financially sound.

At the federal level, the Federal Insurance Office (FIO) was created in 2010. The FIO monitors insurance markets for early signs of activities that could contribute to a financial crisis. It also monitors the extent to which everyone has access to affordable insurance, especially people in traditionally underserved communities. 

One catch: The FIO doesn’t have regulatory authority. It serves in an advisory capacity only. For actual regulatory support, you’ll want to watch the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC).

The NAIC has been around since 1871. It acts as a central hub for state insurance regulators (i.e. elected or appointed officials) to compare notes. Government officials work through the NAIC to set best practices and standards. The NAIC also maintains several massive databases with information about insurance company acquisitions and mergers, licensed insurance producers and the world’s largest financial database on insurance companies.

States have a lot of freedom to set their own official regulations for insurers operating in the state. In general, most states follow a lot of the model regulations the NAIC develops, because it helps standardize the way insurance providers operate across the country.

How States Regulate Life Insurance

Each state government, as well as the District of Columbia, has its own department of insurance. They exist to set and enforce regulations for insurance companies and protect consumers. These are a few of the measures states take to make sure life insurance companies are practicing the way they should.

Licensing

Sean Liang, Senior Insurance Compliance Officer at the California Department of Insurance (CDI), writes, “The CDI requires insurers to obtain a certificate of authority to conduct insurance business in this state and to submit financial, rate, and product filings.”

This is standard practice for insurance providers across the country. Applying for a license to sell life insurance in a state usually involves submitting details about the kinds of products and policies the company offers, how they run marketing and their financial records. 

Financial review

If your life insurance policy isn’t backed by the FDIC, how do you know your life insurance beneficiary would actually receive the death benefit if you pass away? 

States take the agreements in your life insurance policy very seriously. After an insurance provider gets approved and licensed in the state, the state department keeps checking in.

Stephen Briggs, Public Information Officer with the Arizona Department of Insurance and Financial Institutions, says, “As part of the life insurance application process, we review the financial condition of applicant insurers. As part of the examination process, we do a financial examination of domestic life insurers every five years.”

Briggs’s department conducts ongoing in-house analysis, including reviewing the financial condition of admitted insurers. He says, “Among other requirements, insurers are required to post reserves that are sufficient to cover the risk of loss that they are insuring.”

The schedule for how often state agencies review insurance companies can vary from state to state. Generally, though, you can expect that if an insurance company is licensed in your state, they need to submit regular updates on their finances.

Market review and complaints

Besides monitoring an insurance company’s ability to pay claims on the policies it sells, life insurance regulations also govern how companies treat consumers. 

Liang explains, “The CDI also reviews insurers’ conducts to assure that their conducts do not constitute unfair methods of competition or unfair or deceptive acts or practices. In addition, the CDI provides consumer services to assist in investigating complaints and disputes filed by consumers.”

Most state insurance departments will offer a consumer hotline or another way of reporting an issue if you encounter an insurance company that isn’t acting fairly. 

What Happens if a Life Insurance Company Goes Bankrupt? 

It’s pretty rare for a life insurance company to go bankrupt, even in tough economic times, and doing your homework can help you find a life insurance provider in good financial standing. 

Still, it can be reassuring to understand what would happen if a life insurance company ran into financial trouble. 

First, state departments work to help companies avoid financial insolvency. If extra monitoring and rehabilitation processes aren’t working, both Briggs and Liang say their departments can take action to have an outside party manage the company’s finances.

Briggs says, “If there’s a troubled insurer out there, the agency has the authority to request a court to put them under financial receivership in an effort to mitigate loss and ensure that all claims are paid.”

Once a struggling insurance company is under receivership, the first option is to find another company to buy out their book of business, taking over open policies and client accounts. As a last resort, states can turn to the guaranty fund, a state-administered fund that exists to protect insurance policyholders.

All 50 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico have guaranty funds. Licensed insurers regularly contribute to the fund (the amount usually depends on the premiums they collect). If an insurance provider is insolvent, the state can draw from the guaranty fund to pay claims.

The guaranty fund won’t necessarily replace your entire policy. For example, Arizona’s life insurance guaranty fund protection is limited to $300,000, so if you have a $1 million policy, that’s a significant hit. Still, it’s better than having an insurance policy default and leave you with nothing. You can look up your state’s insurance department to learn more about how they use the guaranty fund.

How to Check on Your Insurer Before Buying Life Insurance

When you’re getting ready to buy life insurance, there are a few places you can check on an insurance provider’s finances and business practices.

Your state insurance department

State insurance departments are there to protect the consumer. Often, they’ll provide information about complaints or issues so you can check out a company’s record for yourself. You can also confirm that a company you’re interested in is licensed in your state.

Insurance ratings agencies

Moody’s, A.M. Best, Fitch and Standard & Poor’s are credit ratings agencies that can indicate a company’s financial health. They do a deep dive into financial records, funding and asset management to assess risk and assign a letter grade. A ratings agency grade isn’t a guarantee, but it’s often a good indicator of an insurance provider’s financial standing.

For example, Vantis Life, the company that underwrites policies sold by Fabric, has an A.M. Best rating of A+ (“Superior”).

Credit ratings agencies follow similar, but not identical, grading systems to each other. This can get a little confusing, because “AAA” might be a top rating at one agency while “A++” takes top spot in another. (Need a cheat sheet? We’ve got a guide to life insurance ratings agencies.)

BBB

The Better Business Bureau is a private, nonprofit organization that rates businesses’ trustworthiness. You can see their rating and any available information about outstanding complaints or other issues. 

For example, Fabric has a Better Business Bureau grade of A+, the highest possible rating.

At the end of the day, you take life insurance seriously because it has the power to help financially protect your family. State departments and national organizations take it seriously, too. They work to keep insurance providers accountable so you can feel true peace of mind about your coverage.

Fabric exists to help young families master their money. Our articles abide by strict editorial standards.

Fabric by Gerber Life exists to help young families master their money. Our articles abide by strict editorial standards.

Information provided is general and educational in nature and is not intended to be, and should not be construed as, financial, legal, or tax advice. Laws of a specific state or laws relevant to a particular situation may affect the applicability, accuracy, or completeness of this information. Federal and state laws and regulations are complex and are subject to change. We make no warranties with regard to the information or results obtained by its use, and disclaim any liability arising out of your use of, or reliance on, the information.

Fabric by Gerber Life offers a mobile experience for people on-the-go who want an easy and fast way to purchase life insurance.


Subscribe to our newsletter


Written by

Jessica Sillers

Related Posts

Life Insurance

How Inflation Affects Your College Savings

Inflation can affect college savings and expenses, but you can take steps to protect 529 funds and keep college as affordable as possible.

By Jessica Sillers
Life Insurance

What Inflation Means for Emergency Funds

Inflation reduces the purchasing power of your dollar, including money saved in emergency funds. Here’s how inflation and interest rates affect your savings.

By Jessica Sillers
Life Insurance

How Much Life Insurance Do Seniors Need?

Seniors have their own priorities and limitations to consider when shopping for life insurance. Explore which type of insurance and coverage amount could be the right fit.

By Jessica Sillers

Fabric Picks

Life Insurance

What Happens to College Savings in a Recession

A recession can have a different impact on your college savings depending on your plan and timeline. The good news: you may have options to stay on track.

By Jessica Sillers
Life Insurance

How to Protect Your Emergency Savings in a Recession

Here’s how a recession impacts the economy and how you can keep your family’s finances as steady as possible in tough economic times.

By Jessica Sillers
Life Insurance

What Inflation Means for Life Insurance

Life insurance can help protect your family’s financial future, but inflation affects you now. Learn how inflation affects life insurance and how to get coverage on a tight budget.

By Jessica Sillers
Fabric by Gerber Life Logo

About Fabric

iOS

/

Android

Download Fabric’s iOS mobile app through the Apple App Store
Download Fabric’s android mobile app through the Google Play app store
Subscribe to our newsletter

© 2022 Gerber Life Agency, LLC

Term Life Insurance Policy Series ICC22 2205-4004 WSA and Accelerated Death Benefit Rider policy series ICC22 2205-2623 WSA (and state variations where applicable) issued by Western-Southern Life Assurance Company, Cincinnati, OH which operates in DC and all states except NY, and distributed by Gerber Life Agency, LLC using Fabric Technologies. Gerber Life Agency, LLC is an affiliate of Gerber Life Insurance Company (est. 1967). All are members of Western & Southern Financial Group (Western & Southern). Issuance of coverage for Term Life Insurance is subject to underwriting review and approval. Please see a copy of the policy for the full terms, conditions and exclusions. Product provisions, availability, definitions and benefits may vary by state. Payment of benefits under the life insurance policy is the obligation of, and is guaranteed by, the issuing company. Guarantees are based on the claims-paying ability of the issuer. Products are backed by the full financial strength of the issuing company.

All sample pricing is based on a 30-year old F in Excellent health for the coverage amount shown and a 10-year term policy, unless otherwise stated. Gerber Life Agency, LLC (GLA) is an insurance agency licensed to sell life insurance products. GLA will receive compensation from Western-Southern Life Assurance Company for such sales. The NAIC Company Code for Western-Southern Life Assurance Company is 92622.

Western-Southern Life Assurance Company's A+ Superior A.M. Best Rating: Superior ability to meet ongoing insurance obligations (second highest of 13 ratings; rating held since June 2009). Ratings are subject to change from time to time. The ratings shown here are correct as of 09/03/2022. For more information about a particular rating or rating agency, please visit the website of the relevant agency.

Plan like a parent. is a trademark of Fabric Technologies, Inc.

Gerber Life is a registered trademark. Used under license from Société des Produits Nestlé S.A. and Gerber Products Company.

In the State of California, Gerber Life Agency, LLC is known as and does business as Gerber Life Insurance Agency, LLC.